Global Execution Energía Costa Azul S. de R.L. de C.V. selected Black & Veatch to lead a global alliance to solve those problems and build an efficient LNG plant in Ensenada, Mexico. The alliance included Mitsubishi Heavy Industries of Japan, Vinci Construction Grands Projects of France and Techint of Mexico. The large-scale LNG terminal required the global team effort to carry out the work. The scope included the LNG berthing and unloading facilities, two LNG storage tanks, and regasification and send-out facilities. The terminal and new marine facilities can receive and unload LNG ships that can hold up to 220,000 cubic meters (m3) of LNG. The two, 18-story storage tanks, in total, utilized more steel than the Eiffel Tower, each having a 2- to 3- foot thick reinforced concrete outer structure and a 9 percent nickel steel inner tank. The LNG is held in the storage tanks until gasified via open-rack vaporizers and is then delivered to the 42-inch pipeline. The Energía Costa Azul LNG terminal can regasify up to 1.3 billion standard cubic feet per day of natural gas with room for expansion. It is fully self-sufficient and generates its own power, utility air, potable water and service water. Permitting and compliance at the local and federal government levels ensured protection of marine and land fauna and endangered flora. The project team made sure cultural remains were preserved and marine fauna migration paths conserved. As an example, protected cacti were removed and stored in a nursery for later re-planting in the area. The regasified natural gas is used for supply to consumers and for power generation in Baja California and Southern California. It meets all Mexican and U.S. gas pipeline quality standards. The terminal is fully self-sufficient and generates its own power, utility air, potable water and service water. Related Insights FLNG Solutions Prove To Be Much More Than Potential It was roughly a decade ago when the initial introduction of floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) solutions sought to help bring uneconomic gas reserves offshore, such as those in remote locations, to the market. Over the past few years, however, we’ve watched as offshore FLNG capabilities have moved closer to the mainland, offering a very flexible and economical solution to operators looking to offload their supply around the world. Four Big Trends in Gas-to-Power Hold Promise for U.S. Market Major energy shifts are afoot, and the United States will play a critical role going forward. The EIA projects that by 2022, the U.S. will become a net energy exporter, according to its newly released Annual Energy Outlook 2018. For natural gas, this shift will happen even earlier, around 2020, the EIA says. Market Strives to Deliver Over Pipeline Challenges As if the persistent low-price environment wasn’t enough, rampant natural gas production in the Appalachian and Permian Basins is ramping up concern that pipeline take-away capacity can’t keep up. This comes as the United States natural gas industry prepares to enter one of its strongest growth periods to date, driven by increasing global demand for low cost natural gas supplies and growing domestic demand for cleaner energy sources. Southeast Asia’s Journey Toward a Cleaner Energy Future Strong economic growth, low gas prices and environmental goals are transforming natural gas demand in Southeast Asia. Liquefied Natural Gas Continues Growth Trajectory While Challenges Linger In the United States, it’s become somewhat of a modern gold rush: drillers racing to free deeply trapped natural gas to quench rising global demand, fueled by an accelerating migration away from coal and the desire for cleaner-burning, greener power options. Related Project Stories Industrial Wastewater Treatment Keeps Power Facilities Compliant A large utility located in the Midwest needed to build a low volume wastewater (LVW) treatment system to improve to two of its coal-burning plants necessitated by the Coal Combustion Residuals (CCR) rule. Pilot Plant Cleans, Repurposes Water from Oil Recovery Operations With water already at a premium in a stubbornly parched region of the United States, a global oil giant had sustainability in mind when it searched for ways to clean and repurpose water produced as a byproduct of one of its enhanced oil recovery operations. Water Reuse Generates Savings and Enhanced Resilience for Fertilizer Production Facility The Koch fertilizer production plant in Enid, Oklahoma, had a water problem—there wasn't enough, prices were too high, and it needed more. After performing technical evaluations and developing preliminary process designs, Black & Veatch recommended a water treatment system that would receive tertiary wastewater from the city's wastewater treatment plant, treating it for reuse within the fertilizer plant. Black & Veatch Meets Client’s Financial and Environmental Objectives Reliance Petroleum’s Jamnagar Refinery is one of the world’s largest greenfield oil refining complexes. It has capacity to treat more than one million barrels of oil per day. Oil Company Achieves 99 Percent Sulfur Recovery at Expanded Facility Black & Veatch provided its design leadership to the Onshore Gas Development II (OGD II) project, which involved the addition of a fourth sulfur recovery unit (SRU) to three existing OGD units, plus two new SRUs of higher capacity.